Out of thousands of Windows tips and info reviewed - here are the top 100 !!  These are the ones I have personally used.  

Some are for Win95-98-ME only, and others are for all versions of Windows (95-98-ME-NT-2000-XP).  Please visit the WinXP tips pages for XP-only tips !!  

Scroll down to the bottom for links to other Tips pages and important Microsoft Links.

There are millions of Windows Software Tips - but they include a ton that you will never need and never use.  Here we present only the most useful.  Windows Software is the intelligence of your PC.  The CPU may be the "brain", but software is the information and the methods that the brain uses to run your PC, it's operating system, device drivers, and all of the applications (programs).  This section contain all the Windows and related software tips that I have actually needed or used - the "cream of the crop" tips ! ! !



Software vs Hardware vs Firmware  

These tips are mostly software related.  So, before reading these sections, you may want to spend some time on the hardware pages first.  The hardware is the foundation, and the software is the upper levels.

Let us begin by comparing software with hardware . . . and introducing an in-between concept  -  firmware.  Hardware is comprised of physical components - Software is more ethereal . . . it is information, data, bits.  Oh, I guess you could possibly find some physical features of software, in the electrical states stored on the drive (1's and 0's  .  .  .  voltages, etc.).  But lets stick to the premise that software is information.  Firmare has components of both.

Hardware, and now software  .  .  .  the computer is often compared to a human being, so applying that comparison here -  the hardware would be your hands, legs, feet, eyes, and ears.  The software would be your brain signals, and the electrical nerve impulses flowing that control your movements, etc.  Without the signals, you would have nothing but a collection of idle body parts.

Hardware is the actual physical components of your system - the items that you can actually touch and hold, such as circuit boards, and peripherals such as Printers and Scanners, etc.

Software is information and as such, cannot be touched - it is not a physical entity.  The term software can easily be confused with hardware at times.  Often, a CD or Diskette is called software.  In reality, the CD itself is hardware, and information it contains is software.  It is applications such as MS Word, and Adobe Photoshop - as well as utilities such as Norton Antivirus and Real Player.

Firmware - combined hardware/software - Firmware is programmable ROM (Read-Only Memory), which could be the EEPROM's of your PC  .  .  .  or CMOS  (see the Memory section under Hardware).  Firmware is the chips that have been soldered or mounted onto the motherboard.  Unlike Hardware, it can be programmed - unlike software, it is made to hold the programming for an indefinite amount of time. 


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